comets-book

You can now buy the recently released book, Fall of a Thousand Suns: How Near Misses and Comet Impacts affected the Religious Beliefs of our Ancestors. It is available through iBooks and Amazon.

 

This website only lists information on modern-day comets and meteor showers. The book, however, thoroughly investigates how specific ancient impacts and near misses changed religious beliefs around the world.

Comets in 2014

 
 

Between one hundred billion and two trillion comets are thought to exist in our solar system. As of June 9, 2014, only 3,800 comets have been observed and named. Let's take a closer look at some comets that may be visible to the naked eye in 2014 or are otherwise newsworthy.

 

 

Comet Neujmin 2    

On February 24, 1916, George van Biesbroeck (Yerkes Observatory) spotted a comet with an apparent magnitude of 11. It was a Jupiter-Family comet with an orbit of 5.43 years. This comet has not been observed since its apparition in 1927. Due to its disappearance, it's known as 25D / Nuejmin 2, meaning it's a "lost" comet.

 
Comet Holmes    
Over the course of 42 hours in October of 2007, Comet Holmes (17P/Holmes) became a half million times brighter on its way to becoming the largest object in the solar system - larger than the Sun, or Brad Pitt's ego, if only for a brief time. Holmes is one of the more prominent comets in 2014.
 
Comet 209P / Linear    
Russian astronomer, Mikhail Maslov, believes Earth will pass through the tail of Comet 209P / LINEAR between 7:00 and 8:00 UT on May 24, 2014. It could result in a meteor storm producing between 100 and 400 meteors an hour. Viewing conditions will be particular good in Canada and the United States. Circle this date on your calendar.
 
Comet Faye    
Comey Faye (4P/Faye) was discovered in 1844 by a French astronomer. It was the first periodic comet to be named after its discoverer and not the individual who determined its orbit. This comet will reach perihelion a couple days after Comet Holmes in 2014.
 
Comet Brooks 2    
The fragmentation of Comet Brooks 2 is believed to have been caused by a close pass to Jupiter in 1886, when it passed .001 AU from Jupiter. The gravity of the planet tore the comet into fragments. The fragmented comet was observed for the first time, in recorded history, three years later on July 7, 1889.
 
Comet 289P / Blanpain    
On November 28, 1819 Jean-Jacques Blanpain discovered a comet. It was designated C / 1819 W1. After this apparition the comet was "lost" and remained unobserved for nearly 200 years. In 2005, a recently discovered asteroid matched the orbital path and period of C/1819 W1. It also had a faint coma, meaning it probably was an nearly-exhausted comet. The object was officially renamed Comet 289P / Blanpain in July of 2013.
 
Comet Siding Spring    
There is currently a 1 and 120,000 chance that Comet Siding Spring (C/2013 A1) will hit Mars on October 19, 2014. Based on Leonid Elenin's recent observations, Comet Siding Spring will pass 0.000276 AU (41,300 km, 25,700 miles) from the surface of Mars. For comparison, the average distance between the Earth and Moon is .00257 AU (384,400 km, 238,900 miles).
 
Comet Finlay    

On October 27, 2060 Comet Finlay will pass 0.048 AU from Earth (JPL, 2014). That's the equivalent of 4,500,000 miles or 7,200,000 kilometers. For reference, the average distance between Earth and the Moon is 0.002 AU.

 
SOHO Comets    

Dozens of tiny, sungrazing comets are expected to return to tightly orbit the Sun in 2014 or end their lives in its corona. These comets will probably only be observable from space observatories like SOHO and LASCO. The general public can comb through movies and images captured by SOHO, attempting to discover comets in 2014.

 

 

 

 

A List of all Comets that will reach Perihelion in 2014

All comets no matter how faint, provided they experience their perihelion in 2014, are listed below alongside the day of discovery, next perihelion, orbital period, diameter and apparent magnitude. Each column is sortable. Simply click on the arrows at the top of each column.

 

 

 

Formal Name Informal Name Discovery

Next

Perihelion

Orbit

(yrs)

Diameter

Apparent

Magnitude

286P/Christensen Comet Christensen (286P) 2005/06/03 2014/01/06 8.35 20
293P/Spacewatch Comet Spacewatch (293P) 2006/11/15 2014/01/10 6.92 18
C/2007 R2 Comet Gibbs (2007 R2) 2007/09/10 2014/01/15 20
292P/Li Comet Li 2014/02/04 14
107P/Wilson-Harrington Comet Wilson-Harrington 1979/11/15 2014/02/05 4.29 4.0 km 16
129P/Shoemaker-Levy Comet Shoemaker-Levy (129P) 1991/02/07 2014/02/11 8.96 19
C/2013 N3 Comet PanSTARRS (2013 N3) 2013/07/06 2014/02/12 21
169P/NEAT Comet NEAT 1989/03/07 2014/02/15 15
C/2013 P2 Comet PanSTARRS (2013 P2) 2014/02/17 18
C/2012 X1 Comet LINEAR(2012 X1) 2014/02/21 12
C/2007 H3 Comet Garradd (2007 H3) 2014/03/01 18
C/2008 A2 Comet LINEAR (2008 A2) 2014/03/05 16
52P/Harrington-Abell Comet Harrington-Abell 1955/03/22 2014/03/07 7.53 2.6 km 12
290P/Jager Comet Jager 1998/10/24  2014/03/12 15.03 11
25D/Neujmin Comet Neujmin 1916/02/24 2014/03/13 5.43 9
C/2002 R5 Comet SOHO (2002 R5) 2014/03/15
C/2013 G7 Comet McNaught (2013 G7) 2014/03/16 17
C/2003 Q1 Comet SOHO (2003 Q1) 2014/03/22
117P/Helin-Roman-Alu Comet Helin-Roman-Alu (117P) 1989/10/02 2014/03/27 8.29 14
17P/Holmes Comet Holmes 1892/11/07 2014/03/27 6.88 3.42 km 17
119P/Parker-Hartley Comet Parker-Hartley 1989/03/02 2014/04/02 8.84 15
124P/Mrkos Comet Mrkos 1991/03/16 2014/04/09 6.04 15
C/1996 X5 Comet SOHO (1996 X5) 2014/04/09
C/2003 Q6 Comet SOHO (2003 Q6) 2014/04/14
C/1996 X3 Comet SOHO (1996 X3) 2014/04/15
C/2013 P5 Comet PanSTARRS (2013 P5) 2014/04/15 21
156P/Russell-LINEAR Comet Russell-LINEAR 1986/09/03 2014/04/16 6.82 18
C/2001 Q11 Comet NEAT (2001 Q11) 2014/04/23 19
191P/McNaught Comet McNaught (191P) 2000/08/05 2014/05/06 6.64 18
209P/LINEAR Comet LINEAR (209P) 2004/02/03 2014/05/06 5.09 11
C/2002 AR2 Comet LINEAR (2002 AR2) 2014/05/15 17
134P/Kowal-Vavrova Comet Kowal-Vavrova 1983/05/08 2014/05/21 15.55 12
132P/Helin-Roman-Alu Comet Helin-Roman-Alu (132P) 1989/10/30 2014/05/21 8.28 15
4P/Faye Comet Faye 1843/11/23 2014/05/29 7.55 3.54 km 13
C/2005 JQ5 Comet Catalina (2005 JQ5) 2014/05/30 17
16P/Brooks 2 Comet Brooks 2 1889/07/07 2014/06/07 6.14 15
181P/Shoemaker-Levy Comet Shoemaker-Levy (181P) 1991/11/06 2014/06/10 7.53 12
222P/LINEAR Comet LINEAR (222P) 2004/12/07 2014/07/04 4.83 15
C/2012 U1 Comet PanSTARRS (2012 U1) 2014/07/05 18
75D/Kohoutek Comet Kohoutek 1975/02/09 2014/07/09 15
72D/Denning-Fujikawa Comet Denning-Fujikawa 1881/10/19 2014/07/11 13
106P/Schuster Comet Schuster 1977/10/09 2014/07/20 7.31 14
C/2003 O3 Comet LINEAR (2003 O3) 2014/07/24 19
C/2013 P4 Comet PanSTARRS (2013 P4) 2014/08/08 19
210P/Christensen Comet Christensen (210P) 2003/05/26 2014/08/17 5.71 11
C/2012 K8 Comet Lemmon (2012 K8) 2014/08/19 18
C/2002 S4 Comet SOHO (2002 S4) 2014/08/23
C/2008 Q2 Comet Ory (2008 Q2) 2014/08/24 18
C/2011 S1 Comet Gibbs (2011 S1) 2014/08/26 22
11P/Tempel-Swift-LINEAR Comet Tempel-Swift-LINEAR 2014/08/26 6.37 18
C/2012 K1 Comet PanSTARRS (2012 K1) 2014/08/27 6
206P/Barnard-Boattini Comet Barnard-Boattini 1892/10/16 2014/08/27 5.81 19
289P/Blanpain Comet Blanpain 2003/10/25 2014/08/28 5.32 11
C/2008 J2 Comet Beshore 2014/08/30 14
C/2013 J1 Comet McNaught (2013 J1) 2014/09/02 17
C/2007 H1 Comet McNaught (2007 H1) 2014/09/02 14
C/2001 BB50 Comet LINEAR-NEAT (2001 BB50) 2014/09/03 19
170P/Christensen Comet Christensen (170P) 2005/06/17 2014/09/18 8.63 18
C/2003 U3 Comet NEAT (2003 U3) 2014/10/15 17
32P/Comas Sola  Comet Comas Sola  1926/11/06 2014/10/17 8.8 8.4 km 13
108P/Ciffreo Comet Ciffreo 1985/11/08 2014/10/18 7.26 3.2 km 12
70P/Kojima Comet Kojima 1970/12/27 2014/10/20 3.0 km 17
C/2013 A1 Comet Siding Spring 2014/10/25 8
135P/Shoemaker-Levy Comet Shoemaker-Levy (135P) 2014/11/01 7.50 3.8 km 17
80P/Peters-Hartley Comet Peters-Hartley 1982/07/11 2014/11/10 14
C/2013 G3 Comet PanSTARRS (2013 G3) 2014/11/10 18
269P/Jedicke Comet Jedicke 1993/10/12   2014/11/14 19.25 17
40P/Vaisala Comet Vaisala 1939/02/08 2014/11/15 4.2 km 15
C/2004 V1 Comet Skiff (2004 V1) 2014/11/20 17
C/2013 P3 Comet Palomar (2013 P3) 2014/11/23 19
193P/LINEAR-NEAT Comet LINEAR-NEAT (193P) 2001/08/17 2014/11/24 6.56 16
110P/Hartley Comet Hartley 2014/12/17 12
C/2000 QJ46 Comet LINEAR (2000 QJ46) 2014/12/20 16
15P/Finlay Comet Finlay 1886/09/26 2014/12/27 6.75 9
287P/Christensen Comet Christensen (287P) 2014/12/28 18

 

 

 

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